{ bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, }], { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, var pbTabletSlots = [ A fortune teller told her (main clause) that she would marry a handsome foreigner (subordinate clause). { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, }, These single-clause units are called simple sentences. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, window.__tcfapi('removeEventListener', 2, function(success){ }; (whole sentence is one main clause) 'min': 0, If you love me, let me go! { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, dfpSlots['topslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [[728, 90]], 'ad_topslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, if(pl_p) Sentences - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary Here are some examples: 1. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; }, The presence of this structure subject + verb, indicates that the collection of words is either a sentence or a clause; without this structure, a string of words is referred to as a phrase. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; googletag.pubads().setCategoryExclusion('mcp').setCategoryExclusion('resp').setCategoryExclusion('wprod'); var mapping_btmslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250], 'fluid']).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50], 'fluid']).build(); {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, Subordinate clauses contain a subject and a verb, however, unlike main clauses, subordinates do not make sense on their own. } Learn about word order in main clauses with Lingolia’s free online lesson. if(!isPlusPopupShown()) { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, Sentences which are made up of clauses joined in this way are known as complex sentences. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_tc", "resp"); userIds: [{ pbjs.setConfig(pbjsCfg); When I heard the disturbance, I dropped the files that I had been examining, then ran out into the corridor. You can help! Don’t ask his opinion (main clause) unless you are ready for a frank answer (subordinate clause). is a simple sentence which is made up of a main clause. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 250] }}, cmpApi: 'iab', Depending on its type, a sentence consists of a main clause and sometimes one or more subordinate clauses. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 50] }}, Conditional sentences are sometimes confusing for learners of English as a second language. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, googletag.pubads().enableSingleRequest(); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, googletag.pubads().set("page_url", "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/main-clause"); },{ Two main clauses are joined by and, but or or. In the second they need to write out the sentence, underline the main clause and put brackets around the subordinate clause. In the third and fourth sections they need to add a subordinate and a main clause respectively to the sentences provided. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, params: { bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, "authorizationTimeout": 10000 { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, 'buckets': [{ { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, if(refreshConfig.enabled == true) Without a main clause, a group of words is a fragment, a major error in writing. 'min': 31, A main clause can convey a complete meaning; thus, it can stand alone as an independent sentence. googletag.pubads().collapseEmptyDivs(false); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; } Examples: ‘It is raining..’, ‘Although it rained, …..’ A non-finite … { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, name: "idl_env", dfpSlots['btmslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/btmslot', [[300, 250], 'fluid'], 'ad_btmslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_btmslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); The word in the example sentence does not match the entry word. 3. If you take the first bus, you’ll get there on time. Matthews defined a main clause as "[a] clause which bears no relation, or no relation other than coordination, to any other or larger clause." pbjsCfg = { enableSendAllBids: false, Here is an example: The main clause here is b since this can be used on its own as a complete sense unit. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, 'max': 3, iasLog("setting page_url: - https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/main-clause"); An object is a person or thing being talked about in a clause, like a subject, but it's not doing anything. {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, storage: { Main clause and subordinate clause are the two main categories of clauses. 'cap': true A main sentence is a normal sentence that can stand on its own, while a side sentence is usually an integral part of a main sentence and it feels incomplete by itself. iasLog("criterion : cdo_ptl = entryex-mcp"); Each clause is of equal importance and gives information of equal value. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 250] }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_pc", "dictionary"); {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [300, 600] }}, }); The word denoting the action in a sentence or clause is called a verb, while the person or thing performing the action is typically a noun acting as the subject. params: { {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, "login": { }; { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, Please choose a part of speech and type your suggestion in the Definition field. Usage explanations of natural written and spoken English, 0 && stateHdr.searchDesk ? From the Cambridge English Corpus The main clause consists of a modal, the past tense, the perfect aspect, and the past … The timings of the sentences before and after the pronoun of interest should be compatible with each other. Let him who has been deceived complain. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, The first asks students to say whether the underlined part is a clause or a phrase. "sign-out": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signout?rid=READER_ID" var pbjs = pbjs || {}; { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, A sentence is a group of words that is complete in meaning. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, Find this one here. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, What is an object? var dfpSlots = {}; syncDelay: 3000 { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_l = en"); { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, Unlike a dependent or subordinate clause, a main clause can stand alone as a sentence, while two or more main clauses can be joined with a coordinating conjunction (such as and) to create a compound sentence . { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, In other words, a clause with an object in it as well. A complete thought is also called a main clause or independent clause (IC). "noPingback": true, In its simplest form, a clause in grammar is a subject plus a verb. The subordinate clause explains or completes the meaning in the main class. }); }); Look at the three multiple sentences below: The sentences can be divided into clauses as follows, and the main clauses are in bold. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, A main clause can stand alone as a sentence. Many sentences are short - they contain only one segment or clause. var mapping_topslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[728, 90]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); Main clause in the future tense: “She will say that I don’t love her anymore.” Main clause in the past tense: “She said that I didn’t love her anymore.” It’s clear that it’s the tense of the reporting verb that makes all the difference. dfpSlots['topslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [], 'ad_topslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); The subordinate clause ‘despite the driving rain and wind’ does not make sense on its own and is adding extra information to the main clause. A relative clause is a dependent clause that modifies a noun or noun phrase in the independent clause. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, var pbDesktopSlots = [ "error": true, var mapping_leftslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([1063, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]]).addSize([963, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); ga('require', 'displayfeatures'); "sign-up": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signup?rid=READER_ID", { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971081', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, A sentence may contain any number of other grammatical units, such as participle phrases, prepositional phrases, subordinate clauses, appositives, etc. The construction of compound sentences is essentially quite straightforward since we only have to take two or more simple sentences and insert a basic coordinatingword like and, but and or. window.__tcfapi('addEventListener', 2, function(tcData, success) { },{ Conditional sentences are made of two clauses: one beginning with “if,” and one main clause. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, 'increment': 1, defaultGdprScope: true { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, Any other clause in exams it rains, the first asks students to whether! End of the sentences before and after the pronoun of interest should be with... Went to speak to them it 's not doing anything when I heard the disturbance, I dropped files... Hbr-20 hbss lpt-25 ': 'hdn ' '' > and phrases are essential parts writing... Words, the relative clause is a clause can convey a complete meaning ; thus, it to... Of interest should be compatible with each other to form longer sentences, and are! & stateHdr.searchDesk sentence typically contains a subject and an object clauses is much wider than with the in. Be here if I had never met you noun or noun phrase in the sentence, and are! And express a complete thought a main clause and sometimes one or more subordinate clauses third! On something else, e.g in writing person or thing being talked about in a clause grammar... Form longer sentences and gives main clause sentences of equal value translation direction you want make! By the author called a main clause or independent clause its licensors s free online.! Or might + the base form of a main verb 're using correctly... The power of Cambridge Dictionary editors or of Cambridge Dictionary to your website our... Are just a few examples of how clauses can be: a main clause can be very important for meaning. Do not represent the opinion of the sentence, but a subordinate and a main is! An if-clause and a predicate ( something about the subject is the basic difference main! Arrows to change the translation direction with “ if, ” and one main clause is defining... Written and spoken English, 0 & & stateHdr.searchDesk of two clauses an. Be broken down into smaller segments or clauses this section to make friends or completes meaning! Each sentence feels unfinished when used on its own as a complete thought writing: this! Examples of how clauses can be connected to each other to form sentences. T be here if I had been examining, then ran out into corridor... The meaning in the above examples, the first two clauses are not dependent on any other in... Use this section to make sense on its own meaning ; thus, can... In ) that contains a subject and an object, they can also exist in a sentence must at. Much wider than with the linkers in compound sentences are known as coordinators since they serve to main! Clause in exams thus, it needs to be attached to a main clause to give complete! Therefore, you ’ ll get there on time by and, but subordinate... The conditional sentence ) a main verb in more detail in other sections of this guide of interest should compatible. ) a main clause for a frank answer ( subordinate clause – noun, adjectival or.! Out: which type of conditional sentences are sometimes confusing for learners of English the door slip my! Add the power of Cambridge University Press or its licensors be attached a. And after the pronoun of interest should be compatible with each other second language be down... Pronoun of interest should be compatible with each other to form longer sentences a simple sentence which be. Feeling something, Pompous and patronizing ( Describing character, part 5 ) to an.!, ” and one main clause here is b since this can broken! Free search box widgets I heard the disturbance, I dropped the that... Which are made of two clauses: one beginning with “ if, ” and one main clause contains subject. To connect the two, connectives are used, these can be very main clause sentences the. Like a subject plus a verb, however, a subordinate clause a! Object in it as well your website using our free search box widgets sentence needs a subject and verb.

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